Dhuhr prayer

The Dhuhr prayer is one of the five obligatory prayers in Islam. It is also known as the midday prayer. The word "Dhuhr" refers to the time of day when the sun is at its highest point in the sky. This prayer consists of four units (Rak'ahs) and is observed by Muslims as an act of worship and submission to Allah.

The proof for Dhuhr

The proof from the Quran in Surah al-Israa verse 78: "Observe the prayer from the decline of the sun until the darkness of the night and the dawn prayer, for certainly the dawn prayer is witnessed by angels."

On which ibn Kahir commented: "(from midday till the darkness of the night,) meaning darkness, or it was said, sunset. This was understood to mean Dhuhr `Asr, Maghrib and `Isha'.""

How to observe Dhuhr

The Dhuhr prayer is observed when the sun has reached its peak and begins its descent, marking true noon in solar time. Without relying on complex calculations, one can determine the Dhuhr time by observing the sun's shadow. It is the moment when the shadow reaches its shortest length and starts to lengthen again.

Learn about the calculation of Dhuhr